The fundamental aim of the Horizon 2020-funded PARIS REINFORCE is to enhance and improve climate policy making.
In order to do this, the consortium has access to a range of sophisticated climate-economic scientific models. A key novelty of the project is its devotion to ‘demand-driven’ research. That is, the questions these models will provide insights into and the assumptions they will do this based upon are to be stakeholder-determined through an extensive and exhaustive process.
This policy briefing provides details on:
- The benefits of modelling
- How do the models work?
- What can the models do?
- What can the models not do?
- What have the models done before?
The PARIS REINFORCE modelling ensemble includes:
- 5 national/regional models for Europe;
- 9 models covering major and less emitting countries and regions outside of Europe; and
- 8 global models.
PARIS REINFORCE will develop a novel, demand-driven, IAM-oriented assessment framework for effectively supporting the design and assessment of climate policies in the European Union as well as in other major emitters and selected less emitting countries, in respect to the Paris Agreement. By engaging policymakers and scientists/modellers, PARIS REINFORCE will create the open-access and transparent data exchange platform I2AM PARIS, in order to support the effective implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions, the preparation of future action pledges, the development of 2050 decarbonisation strategies, and the reinforcement of the 2023 Global Stocktake. Finally, PARIS REINFORCE will introduce innovative integrative processes, in which IAMs are further coupled with well-established methodological frameworks, in order to improve the robustness of modelling outcomes against different types of uncertainties.
Authors: Ben McWilliams, Georg Zachmann (Bruegel), Alevgul Sorman, Ester Galende (BC3), Ajay Gambhir (Imperial College), Alexandros Nikas, Haris Doukas (NTUA)