Impacts of policies to decarbonize residential buildings on energy poverty in CEE/SEE countries and mitigation strategies – update

In May 2022, to better understand how to measure and identify energy poverty and evaluate the adequate policies, IEECP established for the European Climate Foundation a study divided into 3 workstreams. The 3 studies provide deep insights into the 10 countries with the highest energy poverty levels in the EU (Bulgaria, Czechia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Spain) as well as Europe as a whole.

This December 2022, IEECP releases the update of this work, focusing on 7 countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia). The present study outlines how the changes in energy prices deriving from the market distortions in 2022 will influence the impact and implementation of three EU policies in the long term.

The second scenario, which analysed the phasing out of heating oil and fossil fuels in 2030 and thereafter natural gas in 2040, is now focused on phasing out all fuels together in 2035.

The third scenario was refurbishing 50% of buildings to class E in 2030 and the other half in 2035 (costing 10,000 EUR/ building with 30% energy savings) and thereafter all of them to energy class D in 2040 (costing 5,000 EUR/buildings with 10% additional energy savings), and is now refurbishing all buildings to class D in 2030 (costing 15,000 EUR/building with 40% energy savings) and thereafter all of them to class C in 2035 (costing 10,000 EUR/building with additional energy savings of 10%).

December 21, IEECP organised a short lunch talk to present the main findings from this study and how they link to the recently adopted ETS/ SCF.

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